Electric motorcycles are all the rage, and for good reason. They’re fun and easy to ride, but they also have some pretty huge advantages over their gas-powered counterparts. For instance, they don’t have any of the emissions that come with combustion engines and they’re much quieter than most other bikes on the road. But there’s one thing that can hold back an electric motorcycle: battery life. If you want to go on a cross-country trip or ride for more than just a couple hours at a time without stopping for a charge, you’ll need some serious battery power under your seat bucket or in your saddlebags. The good news is there are plenty of options out there—and we’re going to take a look at six of them in this article!
Lithium Ion batteries
Lithium Ion batteries are the most common battery type in electric vehicles. They’re powerful, energy dense and have a long lifespan–but they’re also expensive.
Lithium Ion batteries are made from lithium, cobalt oxide and other materials that can store large amounts of energy at high voltage levels. They can be recharged hundreds or even thousands of times before losing their ability to hold a charge (discharge) effectively. The downside is that these batteries are costly: they cost $100-$200 per kilowatt hour (kWh).
Nickel Metal Hydride (NiMH) batteries
Nickel metal hydride (NiMH) batteries are rechargeable, and they’re the most common type of battery used in electric vehicles. They have a higher energy density than lead-acid batteries, but they’re more expensive and can’t be charged as quickly.
Lithium Polymer batteries
Lithium polymer batteries are a versatile and popular choice for electric vehicles. They can be used in large and small vehicles, from scooters to cars. Their cost is less than that of lithium ion batteries, but they have lower energy density (how much power can be stored per unit volume), so you’ll need more of them in order to get the same amount of range as with an equivalent-sized lithium ion battery pack. However, lithium polymer cells can be recharged more than 1000 times before they need replacing!
Lead Acid batteries
The lead acid battery is the oldest type of electric motorcycle battery. It can be charged and discharged quickly, but it is heavy and has a low energy density. Because it has such a low power density, you will need a larger battery to get the same amount of power as other types of batteries. Lead acid batteries also have a shorter cycle life (the number of times you can discharge them) than other types of batteries
Supercapacitors are electrochemical energy storage devices that can store a large amount of energy in a small space. Supercapacitors have a high power density, but they also have low energy density. This means they’re great for applications where you need to quickly draw out all the stored power in your supercapacitor (like acceleration), but aren’t so great for applications where you need to slowly release that stored power over time (like powering an electric vehicle).
Supercapacitors work by using an electrolyte solution between two conductive electrodes–one positive and one negative–to transfer electrons from one electrode to the other. This causes ions in solution to move back and forth between electrodes, storing electricity as chemical potential energy instead of electrical potential energy like batteries do.
Thermal Energy Storage (TES) system
Thermal Energy Storage (TES) systems are batteries that store heat energy. They are used in electric vehicles and hybrid vehicles, but also in plug-in hybrids.
We’ve covered the six top electric motorcycle power sources, but there are many more options. There are also different types of batteries that you can use for your bike, such as lead acid or lithium ion. In addition, some companies use supercapacitors instead of batteries because they have a much longer lifespan and don’t require charging like traditional batteries do (but these come at a higher cost). The important thing is that when choosing an electric motorcycle battery system – whether it’s one type or another – make sure it works well with your bike!